Sutra 1.8

विपर्यय मिथ्या जननं  तड़ रूपा प्रतिस्थम viparyaya mithya jnanam atad rupa pratistham viparyaya- unreal cognition, misconception; mithya- of the unreal, of the false, illusory; jnanam- knowing, knowledge; atad- not its own; rupa- form, nature, appearance; pratistham- based on, possessing, established, occupying Incorrect knowledge or illusion is false knowledge formed by perceiving a thing as beingContinue reading “Sutra 1.8”

Sutra 1.7

pratyaksha anumana agamah pramanani pratyaksha- direct perception or cognition; anumana- inference, reasoning, deduction; agamah- authority, testimony, validation, competent evidence; pramanani- valid means of knowing, proofs, sources of correct knowing Sutra 1.7 explains the three ways of true knowing that was discussed in sutra 1.6. There are ways to gain the correct knowledge, pramana, for selfContinue reading “Sutra 1.7”

Sutra 1.6

स्केल उलट विकल्प सो pramana viparaya vikalpa nidra smritayah pramana- real or valid cognition; right knowledge; viparyayah- unreal cognition, perverse or wrong knowledge, misconception; vikalpah- imagination, misconception or delusion, fantasy; nidra- deep sleep; smritayah- memory, remembering There are five thought patterns that we all have, and Sutra 1.6 breaks this down. A way to rememberContinue reading “Sutra 1.6”

Sutra 1.5

वृत्तयः पंचातयः क्लिष्टा अक्लिष्टा vrittayah pancatayah klishta aklishta vrittayah: the vrittis are; pancatayah: five fold, panch means five; klishta: colored, painful, afflicted, impure, the root klish means to cause trouble; aklishta: uncolored, not painful, pure, not imbued with kleshas; the root a means without or in the absence of Sutra 1.5 teaches us what theContinue reading “Sutra 1.5”

Sutra 1.4

कहीं और, कैरियर vrtti sarupyam itaratra vritti- operations, fluctuations; sarupyam- similarity, assimilation, appearance of; root sa means with, and ruppa means form; itaratra- elsewhere, at other times, when not in the state of realization above When the yogi transcends the activities of the mind (1.2), then they can experience the pureness of its consciousness (1.3).Continue reading “Sutra 1.4”

Sutra 1.3

तदा ड्रास्तुः स्वरूपे वस्थानम tada: then; drastuh: of the soul; svarupe: in its own nature; avasthanam: abiding, remaining, absorbed in When that is accomplished, the seer abides in its own true nature Following the last sutra, when the yogi has still its mind and all of its fluctuations, the yogi reveals their true nature. ThisContinue reading “Sutra 1.3”

Sutra 1.2

योग चिट्टा वृत्ति निरोधः yoga chitta vritti nirodhah yoga: union; chitta: of the consciousness/mind; vritti: fluctuations, changing forms; nirodhah: control, channeling, mastery, quieting Yoga is the practice of stilling the fluctuations of the mind Yoga is controlling the patterns of thought in your mind. Our minds fluctuate from one thought to another, busily keeping pace with today’s race.Continue reading “Sutra 1.2”

Sutra 1.1

अथ योगानुशासनम् ॥१॥ atha yogānuśāsanam atha: now; yoga, yoga; anuśāsanam, teachings Now, the teachings of yoga [begin] Yoga is translated as “to add”, “to join”, “to unite”, and is a popular translation that can be found. It is important to point out that the sixteenth-century Indian doxographer Mādhava stated that the goal of yoga is notContinue reading “Sutra 1.1”

Patanjali and the Yoga Sutras

Around 400 BC Patanjali compiled the Yoga Sutras, all 196 of them. They are the most translated ancient Indian text in the medieval period, though it fell into obscurity for almost 700 years from 12th to 19th century. Swami Vivekananda brought the Yoga Sutras back to prominence so that they would once again be aContinue reading “Patanjali and the Yoga Sutras”

Ishvarapranidhana

“Tapah-svadhyayesvara-pranidhanani kriya-yogah” –Kriya-yoga, the path of action, consists of self-discipline, study, and dedication to the Lord. Yoga Sutra 2.1 The fifth niyama Ishvarapranidhana is surrender to the Lord, the Divine. While it is not pointing out a specific religious identity, it is merely the idea that one must surrender to the Divine within ourselves, asContinue reading “Ishvarapranidhana”