Sutra 1.8

विपर्यय मिथ्या जननं  तड़ रूपा प्रतिस्थम viparyaya mithya jnanam atad rupa pratistham viparyaya- unreal cognition, misconception; mithya- of the unreal, of the false, illusory; jnanam- knowing, knowledge; atad- not its own; rupa- form, nature, appearance; pratistham- based on, possessing, established, occupying Incorrect knowledge or illusion is false knowledge formed by perceiving a thing as beingContinue reading “Sutra 1.8”

Sutra 1.7

pratyaksha anumana agamah pramanani pratyaksha- direct perception or cognition; anumana- inference, reasoning, deduction; agamah- authority, testimony, validation, competent evidence; pramanani- valid means of knowing, proofs, sources of correct knowing Sutra 1.7 explains the three ways of true knowing that was discussed in sutra 1.6. There are ways to gain the correct knowledge, pramana, for selfContinue reading “Sutra 1.7”

Sutra 1.5

वृत्तयः पंचातयः क्लिष्टा अक्लिष्टा vrittayah pancatayah klishta aklishta vrittayah: the vrittis are; pancatayah: five fold, panch means five; klishta: colored, painful, afflicted, impure, the root klish means to cause trouble; aklishta: uncolored, not painful, pure, not imbued with kleshas; the root a means without or in the absence of Sutra 1.5 teaches us what theContinue reading “Sutra 1.5”

Sutra 1.4

कहीं और, कैरियर vrtti sarupyam itaratra vritti- operations, fluctuations; sarupyam- similarity, assimilation, appearance of; root sa means with, and ruppa means form; itaratra- elsewhere, at other times, when not in the state of realization above When the yogi transcends the activities of the mind (1.2), then they can experience the pureness of its consciousness (1.3).Continue reading “Sutra 1.4”

Patanjali and the Yoga Sutras

Around 400 BC Patanjali compiled the Yoga Sutras, all 196 of them. They are the most translated ancient Indian text in the medieval period, though it fell into obscurity for almost 700 years from 12th to 19th century. Swami Vivekananda brought the Yoga Sutras back to prominence so that they would once again be aContinue reading “Patanjali and the Yoga Sutras”

Faded Summer, Vibrant Autumn

It is that time of year! The cool winds from the North have chased our Summer breezes away, bringing with them the enticing hues of slowly changing leaves, the scent of crisp mornings, and sounds of harvest. As the season change, so do our practices. We begin different routines, shop for different things, and usuallyContinue reading “Faded Summer, Vibrant Autumn”

5 Koshas

Koshas are layers of our consciousness that we sheath our minds in. Koshas translated literally means sheath. I like to reference them as layers, which effectively makes me think of the Shrek quote about onions. Koshas are like onions. They are layers that lead to the inner truth of ourselves, our true consciousness, our purityContinue reading “5 Koshas”

Ishvarapranidhana

“Tapah-svadhyayesvara-pranidhanani kriya-yogah” –Kriya-yoga, the path of action, consists of self-discipline, study, and dedication to the Lord. Yoga Sutra 2.1 The fifth niyama Ishvarapranidhana is surrender to the Lord, the Divine. While it is not pointing out a specific religious identity, it is merely the idea that one must surrender to the Divine within ourselves, asContinue reading “Ishvarapranidhana”

Tapas

Tapas, deep meditation in Sanskrit. In the context of yoga, tapas refers to the fire that burns within. It is also linked to austerity in mind, body, spirit, and a spiritual effort. On the path to enlightenment, one must conquer aspect of human nature, as well as the pressures from our cultures and society. Tapas is the niyamaContinue reading “Tapas”

Santosha

The second niyama is santosha, contentment. In Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra 11.42, santosha is described as life’s greatest happiness that cannot be shaken. It is about accepting yourself, those around you, and the world around you as it is. It is looking at the situations and people in your life, and realizing that none of them are badContinue reading “Santosha”