Sutra 1.8

विपर्यय मिथ्या जननं  तड़ रूपा प्रतिस्थम viparyaya mithya jnanam atad rupa pratistham viparyaya- unreal cognition, misconception; mithya- of the unreal, of the false, illusory; jnanam- knowing, knowledge; atad- not its own; rupa- form, nature, appearance; pratistham- based on, possessing, established, occupying Incorrect knowledge or illusion is false knowledge formed by perceiving a thing as beingContinue reading “Sutra 1.8”

Sutra 1.7

pratyaksha anumana agamah pramanani pratyaksha- direct perception or cognition; anumana- inference, reasoning, deduction; agamah- authority, testimony, validation, competent evidence; pramanani- valid means of knowing, proofs, sources of correct knowing Sutra 1.7 explains the three ways of true knowing that was discussed in sutra 1.6. There are ways to gain the correct knowledge, pramana, for selfContinue reading “Sutra 1.7”

Sutra 1.6

स्केल उलट विकल्प सो pramana viparaya vikalpa nidra smritayah pramana- real or valid cognition; right knowledge; viparyayah- unreal cognition, perverse or wrong knowledge, misconception; vikalpah- imagination, misconception or delusion, fantasy; nidra- deep sleep; smritayah- memory, remembering There are five thought patterns that we all have, and Sutra 1.6 breaks this down. A way to rememberContinue reading “Sutra 1.6”

Sutra 1.5

वृत्तयः पंचातयः क्लिष्टा अक्लिष्टा vrittayah pancatayah klishta aklishta vrittayah: the vrittis are; pancatayah: five fold, panch means five; klishta: colored, painful, afflicted, impure, the root klish means to cause trouble; aklishta: uncolored, not painful, pure, not imbued with kleshas; the root a means without or in the absence of Sutra 1.5 teaches us what theContinue reading “Sutra 1.5”