Sutra 1.8

विपर्यय मिथ्या जननं  तड़ रूपा प्रतिस्थम viparyaya mithya jnanam atad rupa pratistham viparyaya- unreal cognition, misconception; mithya- of the unreal, of the false, illusory; jnanam- knowing, knowledge; atad- not its own; rupa- form, nature, appearance; pratistham- based on, possessing, established, occupying Incorrect knowledge or illusion is false knowledge formed by perceiving a thing as beingContinue reading “Sutra 1.8”

Sutra 1.7

pratyaksha anumana agamah pramanani pratyaksha- direct perception or cognition; anumana- inference, reasoning, deduction; agamah- authority, testimony, validation, competent evidence; pramanani- valid means of knowing, proofs, sources of correct knowing Sutra 1.7 explains the three ways of true knowing that was discussed in sutra 1.6. There are ways to gain the correct knowledge, pramana, for selfContinue reading “Sutra 1.7”

Sutra 1.6

स्केल उलट विकल्प सो pramana viparaya vikalpa nidra smritayah pramana- real or valid cognition; right knowledge; viparyayah- unreal cognition, perverse or wrong knowledge, misconception; vikalpah- imagination, misconception or delusion, fantasy; nidra- deep sleep; smritayah- memory, remembering There are five thought patterns that we all have, and Sutra 1.6 breaks this down. A way to rememberContinue reading “Sutra 1.6”

Sutra 1.4

कहीं और, कैरियर vrtti sarupyam itaratra vritti- operations, fluctuations; sarupyam- similarity, assimilation, appearance of; root sa means with, and ruppa means form; itaratra- elsewhere, at other times, when not in the state of realization above When the yogi transcends the activities of the mind (1.2), then they can experience the pureness of its consciousness (1.3).Continue reading “Sutra 1.4”

Sutra 1.3

तदा ड्रास्तुः स्वरूपे वस्थानम tada: then; drastuh: of the soul; svarupe: in its own nature; avasthanam: abiding, remaining, absorbed in When that is accomplished, the seer abides in its own true nature Following the last sutra, when the yogi has still its mind and all of its fluctuations, the yogi reveals their true nature. ThisContinue reading “Sutra 1.3”

Sutra 1.1

अथ योगानुशासनम् ॥१॥ atha yogānuśāsanam atha: now; yoga, yoga; anuśāsanam, teachings Now, the teachings of yoga [begin] Yoga is translated as “to add”, “to join”, “to unite”, and is a popular translation that can be found. It is important to point out that the sixteenth-century Indian doxographer Mādhava stated that the goal of yoga is notContinue reading “Sutra 1.1”

Patanjali and the Yoga Sutras

Around 400 BC Patanjali compiled the Yoga Sutras, all 196 of them. They are the most translated ancient Indian text in the medieval period, though it fell into obscurity for almost 700 years from 12th to 19th century. Swami Vivekananda brought the Yoga Sutras back to prominence so that they would once again be aContinue reading “Patanjali and the Yoga Sutras”

Faded Summer, Vibrant Autumn

It is that time of year! The cool winds from the North have chased our Summer breezes away, bringing with them the enticing hues of slowly changing leaves, the scent of crisp mornings, and sounds of harvest. As the season change, so do our practices. We begin different routines, shop for different things, and usuallyContinue reading “Faded Summer, Vibrant Autumn”

Ishvarapranidhana

“Tapah-svadhyayesvara-pranidhanani kriya-yogah” –Kriya-yoga, the path of action, consists of self-discipline, study, and dedication to the Lord. Yoga Sutra 2.1 The fifth niyama Ishvarapranidhana is surrender to the Lord, the Divine. While it is not pointing out a specific religious identity, it is merely the idea that one must surrender to the Divine within ourselves, asContinue reading “Ishvarapranidhana”

Svadhyaya

  Our fourth Niyama. Self study, study of the Vedas and Sutras, introspection… Svadhyaya is introduced in book two of the sutras, tapah svadhyayes vara pranidhanani kriya yoga; Kriya yoga, the path of action, consists of self-discipline, study, and dedication to the Lord. II.1.This is Yoga in action, and all lead to a sort of self realization andContinue reading “Svadhyaya”